- A philosophy for living that contains elements of religious practice, founded by Confucius in the sixth to fifth centuries BCE. Its influence in China was paramount, but it has also been significant in Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan, as a source of learning and an ethical code.Confucius (551-479 BCE) taught the necessary actions for harmony and order during a time of political violence and social disorder. During the Han dynasty (206 BCE-220CE) his teachings (compiled by his disciples in the Analects) became state orthodoxy in China and remained so until 1911. Confucianism taught that nobility was not to be attained through inheritance but by following the correct rituals and acts of filial piety, reciprocity, and righteousness. In particular, juniors (such as subjects or sons) should show loyalty to seniors (rulers, fathers), while seniors should show benevolence to juniors. This idea was extended by Mencius (c. 371-289BCE), the ‘second sage of Confucianism’, to suggest that humans were essentially good (the idea of original virtue), and that it was appropriate for subjects to rebel against unjust rulers. Significantly, the latter idea was never introduced into Japan, where loyalty to the Emperor was made paramount.Although today practised actively as a religion only in South Korea, the influence of Confucianism on the ethical, legal, political, and educational systems of the above-named countries remains considerable. Robert Bellah (Tokugawa Religion, 1957) has argued that Confucianism may have had a similar role in the development of modern Japan as did the protestant ethic in Northern Europe (an interpretation which is at odds with that of Max Weber in The Religion of China, 1916). Others have argued that Confucianism's emphasis on harmony, respect for authority, loyalty, benevolence, meritocracy, literacy, and scholarship, lies behind the recent economic growth of Japan and the newly industrializing countries (NICs) of East Asia.
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
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Confucianism — • An article by Charles F. Aiken. Reviews the key teachings and history of Confucianism, and its relation to Christianity Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Confucianism Confucianism … Catholic encyclopedia
confucianism — CONFUCIANÍSM s.n. Doctrina filozofică, etică şi social politică a lui Confucius şi a urmaşilor lui. [pr.: ci a ] – Din fr. confucianisme. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 confucianísm s. n. (sil. ci a ) Trimis de siveco,… … Dicționar Român
Confucianism — Con*fu cian*ism, n. The political morality taught by Confucius and his disciples, which forms the basis of the Chinese jurisprudence and education. It can hardly be called a religion, as it does not inculcate the worship of any god. S. W.… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Confucianism — [kən fyo͞o′shən iz΄əm] n. the ethical teachings formulated by Confucius and introduced into Chinese religion, emphasizing devotion to parents, family, and friends, cultivation of the mind, self control, and just social activity Confucianist n.,… … English World dictionary
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Confucianism — Confucianist, n., adj. /keuhn fyooh sheuh niz euhm/, n. the system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and… … Universalium
Confucianism — an East Asian ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of the early Chinese sage Confucius. It is a complex system of moral, social, political, and religious thought that has had tremendous influence on the history … Mini philosophy glossary
Confucianism — The doctrines of Confucianism are expressed in nine books. Confucius himself was mainly a political and social reformer and his doctrines are in the main rather a system of ethics than a religion. The actual name of Confucius was Kung Fu Tsze … Who’s Who in non-classical mythology
Confucianism — The practical philosophy derived from the teachings of Confucius, influential in China and other Far Eastern countries. Confucianism was the state orthodoxy in China until the revolution of 1911. It teaches that harmony is found by following the… … Philosophy dictionary
Confucianism — Con|fu|cian|is|m n [U] a Chinese way of thought which teaches that you should be loyal to your family, friends, and rulers and treat others as you would like to be treated. Confucianism was developed from the ideas of Confucius. >Confucian adj … Dictionary of contemporary English